WHAT IS GUM DISEASE?
Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is caused by bacteria that stagnates in the oral cavity. In the early stages there is mild bleeding gums, frequently when we brush our teeth, and the gum is a bit reddish. Eventually the disease progresses to the recession (offset) of the gums, periodontal tissue decay and ultimately tooth loss.
Perodontal indocares a high risk for systemic health as it is largely associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, premature birth and birth of children with low birth weight, as evidenced by research.
WHAT ARE SOFT AND HARD PLAQUE?
The accumulation of bacteria and their products (also called biofilm) is called dental plaque. These are soft plaque that can be easily removed with a dental brush. If you tolerate that plaque stagnates on the teeth too long, that with the help of minerals in the saliva gets harder to such an extent that alone we can not removed it with tooth brush. Such hard plaque is called tartar. Accumulation of soft and hard plaque leads to gum disease and periodontal tissue collapse.
IDENTIFY THE RISK OF PERODONTAL DISEASE
Some state and system changes may increase your risk of gum disease. These are pregnancy, hormonal changes, stress and certain medications. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss for adults! Healthy gum is a pale pink color, its surface is finely granulated. Also, healthy gums with brushing must not bleed!
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF GUM DISEASE?
Removal of soft and hard plaque (tartar), detailed instructions for a thorough cleaning of the tooth brush, floss and other devices as well as regular visits to the oral hygienist (hygiene therapy) are the best way to prevent and treat gum disease.
Advanced periodontal disease treatment, is in addition to the usual tartar treated with a procedure, called “scaling and smoothing.” The procedure removes plaque from the tooth roots, and so re-enable the regeneration of periodontal tissue.
Before starting the therapy ,we must get throrugh a complete examination that includes x-ray, showing the progression of symptoms. Such treatment provides optimal therapy for each individual case. Then we talk with you about treatment options.